La technique du raku est un procédé de cuisson. Il est le résultat d’une technique d’émaillage d’origine coréenne qui s’est développée au Japon durant le XVIème siècle. Cette technique est longtemps destinée essentiellement à la fabrication de bols pour la cérémonie du thé. 

Les pièces sont cuites une première fois, puis émaillées pour une seconde cuisson. Sortant du four, incandescentes, les pièces sont manipulées à l’aide de pinces. Elles subissent un choc thermique immédiat et important. L’émail craquelle selon le temps resté à l’air et selon l’épaisseur posée par l’artiste. Ensuite, toujours en fusion, les sculptures sont enfouies dans de la sciure de bois. L’enfumage provoqué, pénètre dans les craquelures et les noircit en profondeur. En réduction d’oxygène, le noir de fumée se fixe de manière indélébile et également sur les parties non émaillées. Les émaux ainsi chargés d’oxydes, comme par exemple le cuivre, l’argent, le cobalt ou le fer rouge, produisent des richesses de lustres métallisés. La multitude des paramètres mis en jeu permet d’obtenir des résultats variant à l’infini.

Après le refroidissement, les pièces sont nettoyées à l’eau sous pression pour enlever tous les résidus de suie et de cendre.

Quelques sculpteurs ont tenté, avec grand succès, cette technique pour des volumes plus importants. Ils utilisent souvent une terre très chamottée, qui permet également aux pièces une bonne résistance aux écarts de température.

Joanna Hair a commencé la pratique du Raku en 1985.

Le mot raku vient d’un idéogramme gravé sur un sceau d’or qui fut offert en 1598 par Taiko, maître servant de la cérémonie du thé, au coréen Chöjiro Raku, que l’on prétend être le premier à mettre en œuvre cette cuisson de poterie.

L’implication des potiers et des sculpteurs dans le raku fait souvent écho à sa philosophie, à ses racines et à son sens culturel. 

Certains disent que Raku signifie :

le bonheur dans le hasard
qui raconte par ses contraintes
l’histoire de la terre, du feu et de l’eau

Committed to living artists for more than 25 years, Bénédicte Giniaux started in the Oise and Paris regions before moving to Bergerac, Dordogne, where she opened her own art gallery in 2011.
In the heart of the historic centre of this charming city, the gallery presents the work of twenty permanent artists. The figurative art, which is here always customised and stylised, remains a priority, through various themes (the world of humans and animals, journeys, nudes, everyday life scenes and still-life paintings). Numerous abstract artworks are also on display.
In this art gallery, poetry, tenderness, humour and life stories are predominant. The artworks are signed by professional artists deeply committed to their work. Some of them even have a solid reputation abroad.
From small to large formats, the artworks are made of bronze, terra cotta, raku, iron, Corten steel, stainless steel, wood, glass fusion, etching, engraving, drawing, collage, watercolour, pastel, acrylic paint, oil paint, photography…

The gallery is run with passion by Bénédicte Giniaux. All her energy is dedicated to various artists, from France and abroad, with whom she chose to work and on long-term partnerships. They work hands-in-hands with a mutual confidence.
Throughout the year, various events give the gallery its tempo: solo or collective exhibitions, in situ with the permanent artists of the gallery, as well as outdoor exhibitions in partnership with important places, such as this summer exhibition at the Château des Vigiers.

“Over the past nine years, the Bénédicte Giniaux art gallery has been able to win over and retain an audience of amateurs and collectors from all over the region and passing through the Dordogne. The quality of the selected artworks, as well as the friendliness of the reception, undoubtedly make it one of the most important art galleries in Nouvelle-Aquitaine.” Florence Peyron

“I have always been working with artists from whom the sensibility and the creative techniques passionate me. I appreciate their investment, their commitment, their artistic search as well as the way they look at their own work. Some of them are present since the beginning of my activities, and when new artists fit in the gallery, my selection criterion are mainly linked with their professional background and I look for long-term partnerships.
All the sculptures and all the paintings are one-offs. Regarding the bronze sculptures, casted in limited edition and numbered, each one of them is called “Épreuve originale”. I never put on display artworks made from resin, neither for indoor nor outdoor.
All the artworks are technically mastered, and I always deliver a certificate of authenticity, alongside a text of introduction or a catalogue about the artist.”
Bénédicte Giniaux

Bénédicte Giniaux dans sa galerie à Bergerac

Over the past nine years, the Bénédicte Giniaux art gallery has been able to win over and retain an audience of amateurs and collectors from all over the region and passing through the Dordogne. The quality of the selected artworks, as well as the friendliness of the reception, undoubtedly make it one of the most important art galleries in Nouvelle-Aquitaine.”   Florence Peyron

“I have always been working with artists from whom the sensibility and the creative techniques passionate me. I appreciate their investment, their commitment, their artistic search as well as the way they look at their own work. Some of them are present since the beginning of my activities, and when new artists fit in the gallery, my selection criterion are mainly linked with their professional background and I look for long-term partnerships.
All the sculptures and all the paintings are one-offs. Regarding the bronze sculptures, casted in limited edition and numbered, each one of them is called “Épreuve originale”. I never put on display artworks made from resin, neither for indoor nor outdoor.
All the artworks are technically mastered, and I always deliver a certificate of authenticity, alongside a text of introduction or a catalogue about the artist.”
Bénédicte Giniaux

Les sculptures de Patrice Mesnier dans sa galerie à Bergerac